What is the difference between the MEAN and MERN stacks, and which one should you choose?

Blog Creatives (Large) (1)

What is the difference between the MEAN and MERN stacks, and which one should you choose?

Codemithra Team

Codemithra Team

Introduction  

Web apps are used by companies worldwide to fulfill the evolving requirements of modern organizations. It really doesn’t make a difference if you’re an IT executive or an entrepreneur looking to build unique web applications; choosing the correct technology stack is always difficult. This is due to the possibility of it having a direct and major impact on the eventual outcome of your development project.

The MEAN and MERN stacks are two of the most widely-used technology stacks for building web-based applications. So which one would be more valuable to your business MEAN or MERN stacks? Your choice determines everything about your application, including how long it takes to build, who you would need to employ, and what it can accomplish. As a result, developers must select a stack that maximizes adaptability, scalability, and efficiency while being cost-effective. And to make that selection, people should have complete information about the characteristics and benefits of each option.

What is MERN Stack? 

The MERN Stack is a popular JavaScript stack that is comparable to MEAN but also falls under the full-stack category. It aids in the development of hybrid smartphone and web applications. MERN is a set of JavaScript-based databases, frameworks, and runtime environments, similar to MEAN. The MERN stack allows developers to work with an end-to-end framework, and its usage is constantly increasing. The MERN stack’s key benefit is that it is a platform that provides corporations and businesses with the agility, efficiency, and insight they require to succeed. As we all know, today’s web consumers expect high levels of performance and interaction. Therefore, JavaScript is at the heart of several technologies that allow developers to create and provide websites with rich experiences similar to those found in mobile and desktop applications.

The components of MERN Stacks can be categorized as 

MongoDB is a NoSQL database manager based on documents.

Express.js: Node. Js-based server-side application framework for creating single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web apps.

React: It is an open-source front-end JavaScript library for creating UI components-based user interfaces.

Node.js: It is a cross-platform JavaScript runtime context based on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript for executing back-end apps.

Features of the MERN Stack

Some of the popular features of the MERN stack are:

  • MongoDB is a database that can run on several servers. The data is copied to keep the system running if the infrastructure malfunctions.
  • There’s no need to swap contexts when there’s only one language. The client-side of the web app, as well as the server-side, are built with JavaScript.
  • Developers may quickly create customized applications thanks to a flexible data format with changeable schema, a rich GUI, and command-line utilities.
  • When it comes to UI layer abstraction, React JS is ideal. Furthermore, because React is a library, it gives you the ability to create your own application and better organize your code.

Benefits of the MERN Stack 

  • Ensures a smooth web development procedure by facilitating the model view controller (MVC) design.
  • Real-time testing with a comprehensive set of built-in tools.
  • For a speedier development cycle, it offers a flexible component-based structure.
  • React-based code can be run on browsers as well as servers. It gives developers the freedom to generate pages on the servers whenever they need them.
  • JavaScript is used to cover the entire development process, from front to the rear.

What is a MEAN Stack?

The MEAN Stack is an open-source JavaScript-based technology stack for developing responsive and advanced online applications and websites. It is made up of numerous elements that make application development easier and faster. This stack is used by programmers to create web applications. They also utilize it to create mobile apps, but here we’re referring to hybrid applications instead of native applications. The MEAN Stack is a rapidly developing open source development framework that enables developers to create complex web applications quickly and easily. The term “MEAN stack” refers to a collection of JavaScript-based frameworks used to create complicated web applications. 

The various components of the MEAN Stack are

MongoDB: It is a popular, scalable, and versatile database for storing data in the form of JSON files from applications with back-ends. It’s a classified NoSQL database tool that aids in the efficient handling of enormous data collections.

Express.js: It is a Node.js-based open-source back-end web app framework. Its adaptability makes back-end creation a breeze for developers.

AngularJS (or Angular): This is a prominent JavaScript front-end framework for developing cross-platform applications.

Node.js: This is a cross-platform runtime JavaScript environment that allows for the creation of extensible and high-performing server-side applications.

Features of the MEAN Stack 

Some of the popular features of the MEAN stack are:

  • The use of JavaScript allows users to save bandwidth by reducing needless consumption. It enhances the efficiency of web application performance.
  • MongoDB is a noSQL database application that makes inserting, updating, and deleting data considerably easier.
  • The use of Node.js reduces the time it takes for a website to load. In comparison to the Apache server, the Node.js event-driven design renders databases quickly, preventing any unexpected guest bounce.
  • The Isomorphic Code enables both client (browser) and server-end (NodeJS) applications to operate. MEAN’s versatility enables a quick code migration to another structure while retaining all of the code’s functions intact.

Benefits of MEAN Stack 

  • From client-side to server-side, this Stack encompasses the entire web development process.
  • MEAN’s MVC (Model View Controller) design makes web app development simple and painless.
  • It provides a comprehensive set of pre-built web application testing tools.
  • It is made up of open-source technologies that have a strong community behind them.
  • It is great for SMEs and beginning businesses due to its low cost.

Difference between MERN and MEAN Stack 

  MERN Stack MEAN Stack
Performance It uses a virtual Document Object Model (DOM) rather than a native DOM, which slows down rendering. It’s a framework that’s already set up. As a result, MEAN stack applications perform better.
MVC Architecture Although many online applications just require a UI layer abstraction to optimize component rendering code, this may not be the case for all of them.

As a result, it’s perfect for the quick development of small applications.

A well-organized framework with a large range of support tools and comprehensive development cycle coverage (front and client-side).

As a result, it’s well suited to enterprise-level application development tasks.

Type It has a JavaScript library. It has a JavaScript framework.
Security Various authentication mechanisms are available. However, they are subject to cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attacks. Scalable frameworks such as Angular and Node.js are used to create this Stack. JSON Web Token secures unwanted access to any site is secured by encrypting any sensitive data that supports them.
Mobile App Development It gives a user experience that is almost identical to that of a native app. As a result, using the MERN stack for mobile app development is a superior alternative. The Ionic framework, which Angular provides, allows you to create hybrid mobile apps. Because you just have one codebase for both the Android and iOS ecosystems.
Data Flow Data flow in React is unidirectional. As a result, you may adjust compared to the model’s state changes. It’ll come in handy if you’re in charge of large projects. The data flow in Angular is bi-directional. As a result, you can change the UI and model to suit your preferences.

Which one to pick? 

The use of AngularJS uses the fundamental distinction between MERN and MEAN stacks.  Angular provides a solid foundation for retaining code abstraction and managing project files. The React library, on the other side, allows for far speedier code development. Now that we’ve covered the advantages of MEAN and MERN stacks, it’s time to consider their applications.

Enterprise-level projects: You’ll need a thorough architecture if you are looking to develop an enterprise-level application like LinkedIn. As a result, a MEAN stack should be preferred over a MERN stack. It would provide you with a well-organized structure for Model-View-Controller architectural support. MEAN makes managing and upgrading the code reasonably straightforward, despite MERN’s support for the MVC design.

UI requirements: MERN is your go-to framework for achieving advanced yet easy UI rendering for your app. It can easily create and present a frame on the screen, providing smooth user engagement.

Third-party support: Another concern when developing enterprise-level apps is the ease with which third-party libraries can be utilized. MEAN includes AngularJS, which includes built-in support for making HTTP calls and linking to the back-end. ReactJS, on the contrary, includes additional libraries that provide the same functionality. MEAN handles third-party extensions in a plug-and-play method, whereas MERN requires additional configuration.

Large-scale applications: If you’re working on an e-commerce project, the MEAN stack is the best option. It can serve as the foundation for dynamic web applications and offer a systematic approach for prototyping. For large-scale projects, the suggested full-stack development framework is MEAN Stack.

The Niche Project: Stack allows you to create and execute a CRUD application from beginning to end. The use of React makes it simple to handle constantly changing data while still giving a great user experience. For a small sample project, whether a single-page application or a mobile phone application, you’d be better off utilizing MERN.

Conclusion 

We may conclude from the above discussion that the MEAN and MERN stacks are reliable frameworks for speedy front-end development. As a result, lightweight JavaScript apps are created. The biggest difference, though, is in the way it is organized. As a result, the MEAN stack is a superior choice for large-scale applications, whereas the MERN stack is the fastest at developing smaller apps.

Check out Codemithra’s MERN Stack course to learn more about MERN stack development. This comprehensive course is intended for undergraduates and job seekers who wish to improve their technical knowledge and grasp front-end and back-end web development.

About the Author

Read More

Codemithra Team

Eight best books to prepare for AWS Certification

Introduction

Having the right guidance to launch a successful career in AWS is a necessity. You need the right books, strategies, and mentors to get the AWS certification. If you have AWS certification, you possess the most in-demand skills.

Read Now

Codemithra is here to help you!

Terms & Conditions

This Privacy and Security Policy is provided for the benefit of customers and clients of Ethnus Consultancy Services Private Limited. (“Ethnus”) as well as other consumers and parties who use Ethnus and/or its website(s), particularly codemithra.com (“Website”, “www.codemithra.com”, “Codemithra” or “Ethnus Codemithra”), and/or applications (“Apps”) (collectively, “Ethnus Services” or “Ethnus Platform”).

Since Ethnus serves several different audiences, customers find it helpful to read the Terms of Use that apply specifically to them based upon the purpose for which they use Ethnus. For this reason, we link to three separate agreements below for employer customers, job seeker customers, and staffing customers, respectively.

For your convenience, we define each of these audiences that Ethnus serves as follows:

“Employer Customer” means an entity using Ethnus Services that is seeking to hire an individual as an employee and/or independent contractor to be employed by it directly.

“Job Seeker Customer” means an individual using Ethnus Services who is seeking to be employed as an employee or independent contractor by an employer.

“Staffing Customer” means a staffing company using Ethnus Services that provides staffing services to their own Staffing Clients.

So long as your use of the Ethnus website and services remains within the scope of the particular audience or customer for which you began using Ethnus (e.g. a job seeker does not use Ethnus as an employer, or an employer does not use Ethnus as a job seeker), the complete Terms of Use applicable to your use of the Ethnus website and services is contained within the applicable Terms of Use linked below.

Employer Terms of Use

The following Terms of Use apply to any Ethnus Employer Customer seeking to hire employees or independent contractors for its own business. If you seek to find employees or independent contractors for the benefit of your clients (and not yourself), you need to review the Terms of Use specifically for our Ethnus Staffing Customers accessible at www.Codemithra.com/terms/staffing.

Ethnus, Inc. (“Ethnus”) provides online services through which employers and staffing companies seeking employees and independent contractors can efficiently and effectively review and interview candidates. Ethnus provides these services and its suite of features and products through its Apps and Website (collectively, “Ethnus Services”) subject to these terms of use (“Terms of Use”) and the agreements incorporated herein.

Your privacy is very important to us. We designed our accompanying Privacy and Security Policy to provide important disclosures about how your information will be used by Ethnus in providing you Ethnus Services. These Terms of Use expressly incorporate our Privacy and Security Policy.

Please read these Terms of Use and our Privacy and Security Policy carefully before using any of the diverse Ethnus Services. By visiting the Website, installing any of the Apps, and/or using any of the Ethnus Services, you shall have affirmed your agreement to these Terms of Use.

1. Definitions

2. Modifications – Will Ethnus ever modify these Terms of Use?

3. Ethnus Services – What are the Ethnus Services?

4. Video Content and Services – How and when do you record videos?

5. Pricing, Payments, and Billing – How and when will I be billed for Ethnus Services?

6. Objectionable Content – What if I find content to be objectionable?

7. Customer Conduct

8. Intellectual Property

9. DMCA Policy

10. Reserved for Future Use

11. Resale of Services

12. Indemnification

13. Disclaimer of Warranties

14. Third Party Links and Products

15. Limitations of Liability

16. Exclusions and Limitations

17. General Terms

1. Definitions

“Consumer” means any individual or entity that uses any of the Ethnus Services. Where applicable, the term “Consumer” shall encompass all Ethnus Customers.

“Content” means all material, whether publicly posted or privately transmitted, available on or through any of the Ethnus Services.

“Customer” means, for purposes of this Terms of Use, You, a Job Seeker Customer.

“Customer Content” means any Content uploaded to and/or created through the Ethnus Services by a Ethnus Customer.

“Employer Customer” means an entity using Ethnus Services that is seeking to hire an individual as an employee and/or independent contractor to be employed by it directly.

“GDPR” means the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation.

“Job Seeker Customer” means an individual using Ethnus Services who is seeking to be employed as an employee or independent contractor by an employer.

“Profile Video” means a promotional video created by a Job Seeker Customer to promote themselves as a candidate employee and/or independent contractor. It is not an interview. The Job Seeker Customer completes this independently and on their own.

“Software” means any necessary software used in connection with the Ethnus Services.

“Ethnus Account” means an account associated with a Ethnus Customer who uses or has used Ethnus Services.

“Ethnus Content” means any Content excluding Customer Content and Video Content in which Ethnus does not participate.

“Ethnus Customer” means any person who uses or has used Ethnus Services including, but not limited to, Employer Customers, Job Seeker Customers, and Staffing Customers.

“Ethnus Services” means the suite of features, products and services offered through Ethnus, its Apps, its App Services, the Website, and the Website Services.

“Ethnus Trademarks” means any trademarks, tradenames, logos, and other commercial designs of Ethnus or licensed to Ethnus, whether or not formal registration exists including, but not limited to, “Ethnus.”

“Staffing Clients” means third-party employer clients of Staffing Customers.

“Staffing Customer” means a staffing company using Ethnus Services that provides staffing services to their own Staffing Clients.

“Strategic Partners” means those trusted partners that Ethnus employs, engages, or retains to perform functions and/or provide services on its behalf.

“Sub Accounts” means subsidiary accounts created for or by an Employer Customer or Staffing Customer (“such as a consultant group or employer”) under its primary account.

“Username” means the valid email address provided by each Ethnus Customer to be used as their username or login identification.

“Video Content” means any video content created by or associated with any Ethnus Customer accessible on and through Ethnus Services including, but not limited to, Profile Videos, Video Questions, Video Interviews, and Welcome Videos.

“Video Interview” means an interview completed through Ethnus Services using a video or “web” camera that an Employer Customer or Staffing Customer requests a Job Seeker Customer complete. A Video Interview may involve a Job Seeker Customer alone or with other participants from an Employer Customer or Staffing Customer. A Video Interview may be pre-recorded by a Job Seeker in response to questions or occur live at which time it would be recorded.

“Video Question” means a question recorded in video and audio that can be sent to potential employee and independent contractor candidates by an Employer Customer or Staffing Customer.

“Website” means all of the content, information and services (in any format whatsoever) accessible through the World Wide Web at the domain name Codemithra.com.

“Website Services” means the services provided by Ethnus through the website at the domain name Codemithra.com, hire.li, and any of our other websites that may be used from time to time

Ethnus User Agreement

I agree to submit my personally identifiable information to Ethnus, who may use it to communicate regarding their events, courses, and other services through various media including phone calls, text messages, email, and social media. I also agree with Ethnus’ Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

I agree with Ethnus sharing my personal data, including email address, with Salesforce family of companies, who may contact me for sales and marketing purposes and as described in Salesforce’s Privacy Statement.

Privacy Policy

This Privacy Notice describes how we collect and use your personal information in relation to Ethnus websites, applications, products, services, events, and experiences that reference this Privacy Notice (together, “Ethnus Offerings”).

This Privacy Notice does not apply to the “content” processed, stored, or hosted by our customers using Ethnus Offerings in connection with an Ethnus account. This Privacy Notice also does not apply to any products, services, websites, or content that are offered by third parties or have their own privacy notice.

Personal Information We Collect

We collect your personal information in the course of providing Ethnus Offerings to you.

Here are the types of information we gather:

        a) Information You Give Us: We collect any information you provide in relation to Ethnus Offerings. Click here to see examples of information you give us. Example: Name, email, phone, etc.

        b) Automatic Information: We automatically collect certain types of information when you interact with Ethnus Offerings. Example: IP address, location, browser identity, etc.

        c) Information from Other Sources: We might collect information about you from other sources, including service providers, partners, and publicly available sources. Example: marketing analytics, keywords, etc.

How We Use Personal Information

We use your personal information to operate, provide, and improve Ethnus Offerings. Our purposes for using personal information include:

        a) Provide Ethnus Offerings: We may use your personal information to provide and deliver Ethnus Offerings and process transactions related to Ethnus Offerings, including registrations, subscriptions, purchases, and payments.

        b) Measure, Support, and Improve Ethnus Offerings: We use your personal information to measure use of, analyze the performance of, fix errors in, provide support for, improve, and develop Ethnus Offerings.

        c) Recommendations and Personalization: We use your personal information to recommend Ethnus Offerings that might be of interest to you, identify your preferences, and personalize your experience with Ethnus Offerings.

        d) Comply with Legal Obligations: In certain cases, we have a legal obligation to collect, use, or retain your personal information.

        e) Communicate with You: We use your personal information to communicate with you in relation to Ethnus Offerings via different channels (e.g., by phone, email, chat) and to respond to your requests.

        f) Marketing: We use your personal information to market and promote Ethnus Offerings. We might display interest-based ads for Ethnus Offerings.

        g) Purposes for Which We Seek Your Consent: We may also ask for your consent to use your personal information for a specific purpose that we communicate to you.

Cookies

To enable our systems to recognize your browser or device and to provide Ethnus Offerings, we use cookies.

How We Share Personal Information

Information about our customers is an important part of our business and we are not in the business of selling our customers’ personal information to others. We share personal information only as described below and with Ethnus Consultancy Services Private Limited, . and its affiliates that are either subject to this Privacy Notice or follow practices at least as protective as those described in this Privacy Notice.

Transactions Involving Third Parties: We make available to you services, software, training, and content provided by third parties for use on or through Ethnus Offerings. You can tell when a third party is involved in your transactions, and we share information related to those transactions with that third party. For example, you can order services, software, and content from sellers using the Authorized Training Partner’s marketplace and we provide those sellers information to facilitate your subscription, purchases, or support.

Other than as set out above, you will receive notice when personal information about you might be shared with third parties, and you will have an opportunity to choose not to share the information.

How We Secure Information

        a) We protect the security of your information during transmission to or from websites, applications, products, or services by using encryption protocols and software.

        b) We maintain physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards in connection with the collection, storage, and disclosure of personal information.

Internet Advertising and Third Parties

Ethnus Offerings may include third-party advertising and links to other websites and applications. Third party advertising partners may collect information about you when you interact with their content, advertising, or services. For more information about third-party advertising, including interest-based ads, please read our Interest-Based Ads notice.

Access and Choice

You have choices about the collection and use of your personal information. Many Ethnus Offerings include settings that provide you with options as to how your information is being used. You can choose not to provide certain information, but then you might not be able to take advantage of certain Ethnus Offerings.

        a) Communications: If you do not want to receive promotional messages from us, please unsubscribe or adjust your communication preferences in the emails.

        b) Advertising: If you don’t want to see interest-based ads, please adjust your Advertising Preferences.

        c) Browser and Devices: The Help feature on most browsers and devices will tell you how to prevent your browser or device from accepting new cookies, how to have the browser notify you when you receive a new cookie, or how to disable cookies altogether.

Children’s Personal Information

We don’t provide Ethnus Offerings for purchase by children. If you’re under 18, you may use Ethnus Offerings only with the involvement of a parent or guardian.

Retention of Personal Information

We keep your personal information to enable your continued use of Ethnus Offerings, for as long as it is required in order to fulfill the relevant purposes described in this Privacy Notice, as may be required by law (including for tax and accounting purposes), or as otherwise communicated to you. How long we retain specific personal information varies depending on the purpose for its use, and we may delete your personal information in accordance with applicable law.

Contacts, Notices, and Revisions

If you have any concern about privacy at Ethnus, you may also contact us at the addresses below:

Ethnus Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd,

SST Chambers, No.151/17/1 Second Floor, 36th Cross Rd, 5th Block, Jayanagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560041

Or, email us at reachus@ethnus.com

Or call us at: +91 – 8929 334 324

You will find the updated contact information on our website: www.ethnus.com/contact/

If you interact with Ethnus Offerings on behalf of or through your organization, then your personal information may also be subject to your organization’s privacy practices, and you should direct privacy inquiries to your organization.

Our business changes constantly, and our Privacy Notice may also change. You should check our website frequently to see recent changes. You can see the date on which the latest version of this Privacy Notice was posted. Unless stated otherwise, our current Privacy Notice applies to all personal information we have about you and your account. We stand behind the promises we make, however, and will never materially change our policies and practices to make them less protective of personal information collected in the past without informing affected customers and giving them a choice.